The Changing Mac Communityby Derrick Story
Late last year I published a newsletter titled The New Mac User that was picked up by MacCentral, which began an exploration beyond anything I had planned at the time. Now, more than 500 emails later, a couple of user group meetings, an O'Reilly conference on Bioinformatics, a Mac Show Live interview, lots of online reading, and many, many informal discussions, I'm ready to report on what I've learned.
My intention is to understand the changes that Mac OS X is having on the Apple community. This is a community that I've been a part of since 1988 when I took a job as a graphic artist for a company that was switching to desktop publishing via 9-inch screen Macintoshes.
I learned about the Mac in an environment where technical support meant that you asked your coworker, not some anonymous voice on the other end of the phone, how to make a document print correctly. The help was close and hands on. The acronym, "RTFM" (read the flippin' manual or man pages) has never really meant anything to traditional Mac users because there weren't any man pages ... that is until Mac OS X.
Mac OS X has certainly broadened the landscape of our community. And now people who haven't been able to use the Mac for years can once again accomplish their work on this Unix-based platform. Through my experiences at O'Reilly, I know these people, and I can tell you they're a good bunch.
Many new Mac users have Unix backgrounds and are comfortable working in the Terminal. Others aren't so sure.
Not everyone feels as positive as I do about integration. Some believe that OS X has dehomogenized the Mac community. When I was a kid, my Mom used to combine the partially filled boxes of Rice Krispies and Special K into one container to save room in the cupboard. Yuck. Now many long time Mac users feel like their Rice Krispies have been invaded too.
In letters I received, some people were asking, "Who are these command-line junkies typing madly with two fingers on dark Terminal screens displayed on their iBooks? Who even knew the iBook had a Terminal?"
Some traditional users were complaining, "Why do I need to care about root user, crontab, log files, and permissions? Isn't that the world I left behind years ago?" Many feel like these "smart guys" are crashing their party and making them feel like strangers in their own home (directory).
Ironically, many of these new iBook-toting whiz kids were Mac aficionados years ago. Some had to abandon the platform because of their job, or to meet a need that the traditional Mac couldn't satisfy. They may have left the platform, but often their hearts stayed behind.
When Steve Jobs returned to Apple, he was a different man than the one who left. Truly he was the prodigal son who explored the world and developed a passion for Unix. And when he returned home, Unix came with him.
The traditional Mac community saw Steve as someone who could stop the bleeding inflicted by years of bad corporate decision-making. But many didn't realize that Steve was about to change the entire community as we knew it, and all the prodigal sons and daughters who had to leave to explore other platforms were welcomed home again.
So now we're all sitting around the table staring at one another. "Is it OK to launch the Terminal?" one is thinking. "Do I dare double-click?" ponders another.
And since we're not allowed to serve alcohol at this party, I thought maybe a few real-world comments from folks who love the Mac might get the conversation rolling.
Because if I came away with nothing else during the course of all these interactions, I learned that this is a great moment for Apple, and for all of us involved. As this talent comes together--both traditional and new, artist and geek--it will create a powerful force that the computing world has never seen before. And if you think the Mac has been cool in the past, well, buckle up.
But First, the Envelope Please
Now that you've read what I think, let's get to the good stuff and see what readers across the globe are writing. During late November and through early December 2001, I received 523 email comments on the subject of Mac OS X versus Mac OS 9, how the new operating system might impact the Mac community, and the overall possible effect on market share.
Most of the letters were positive about Mac OS X, even if the writer had no immediate plans to switch. We'll get to some of those reasons why later in the article. In a handful of letters writers stated that they felt betrayed by Apple and they will be switching to Windows. But about twice as many former Windows users said good riddance to XP and they are moving happily to OS X. So Apple appears to be gaining some ground in that arena.
Already we're seeing a blending of the traditional Mac with the new Unix. iPhoto is a Mac OS X-only application that is appealing to all types of Mac users.
Of the respondents who stated which operating system they were using *right now* (in Nov/Dec 2001), 54 percent had switched to Mac OS X for at least part of their work. Many of the 46 percent who said they will continue using OS 9 solely were doing so primarily because of legacy applications, drivers, and plug-ins. (My guess is that today we'd see a shift in those percentages toward Mac OS X now that Photoshop 7, GoLive 6, and Norton System Works 2 have been Carbonized.) A small percentage said they hated OS X outright.
Mac OS X seems to have an overall favorable rating among Mac users who responded, even with those who can't switch yet. My guess is the people who read the original article, "The New Mac User", are progressive users themselves, and are probably more inclined to embrace change than the community as a whole.
To bring these numbers to life, I'm listing actual comments below because when it comes right down to it, these folks can state their positions a whole lot better than I ever could.
Trouble in Design City
Not surprising, the segment of the Mac community that felt most strongly about sticking with Mac OS 9 was the design community. Users in this traditional Mac stronghold have large investments in software, and even if all of their applications and drivers were ported to Mac OS X today, they would still be looking at a sizeable financial reinvestment.
"A reason for the slow adoption of X, I think, is that its main competition is pretty stable and quick, and works well in the production environment. I'm not, of course, talking about any of the various flavors of Windows (although my personal experience with 2000 has been very good), but the later iterations of System 9. It's both less filling and tastes great. I can get the work done and make money with it without too much grief and woe. That's the bottom line." BL
"I'm a graphic designer, and from my perspective, I don't like to keep changing to new OS's or new programs. For example, even if I've got the new Illustrator 10, the printing-press people are not ready to handle those files yet." M
But the *nix Guys Love It
All you have to do is look around at an O'Reilly conference to see that Macs are back in the geek community.
|This was just the ice-breaker. Lots of things have changed since the emails in this article were originally written. What are your views today?|
"As a "new" Mac user, I bought a powerbook g4 this summer because I'm a college student/developer who needed a light, powerful notebook that could do just about anything. I looked at Dell's and Gateway's and the myriad of other PC offerings, but none did everything that the powerbook could. And then, Mac OS X was here. I'm a desktop Linux user and I enjoy having the freedom of having good development tools, a rock-solid OS, and a community. I add community to this because there is a Mac community, and a Linux/Unix community, and the Windows mob :)
So, I went to my campus bookstore and had a look at OS X. It was BSD with candy coating! Here I had a wonderful user interface, with a BSD cousin as an OS, and apple announces that they're releasing the dev-tools for free (*gasp*). I'm sure code warrior is awesome (so I've heard), but I use gdb and gcc in other environments, and now it's on the powerpc! Not only that, wrap it into a beautiful, easy to use IDE like project builder and I've become a Mac advocate :).
I love toting my tibook everywhere and getting looks, or when I went to the ACM student conference at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, just opening it up and watching a DVD would grab the attention of just about anyone there." JB
"OS X's interface is beautiful to work in and easy to use, but also has the ability to run under the "ugly" command-line interface, and it has all that geeky, Unix power beneath the surface. OS X is like a marriage between an engineer and an artist. And the Mac community will reflect that marriage. It will just take some time." RA
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