Anton's Security Tip of the Week #2

by Anton Chuvakin

Admittedly, this is again a repost from my other blogs (see here and here), but I am sure it would be useful to my O'Reilly readers.

Following the new "tradition" of posting a security tip of the week (mentioned here, here ; SANS jumped in as well), I decided to follow along and join the initiative. One of the bloggers called it "pay it forward" to the community.

So, Anton Security Tip of the Day #2: Watch those Pesky Log Rotation Routines

What is the biggest threat to your Linux logs, which reside happily at their home in /var/log? Is it crackers? Blackhats? Evil BOFH sysadmins? Dumb users? Malware? No, its the log rotation routine!

For example, many Linux distros such as RedHat, Fedora, etc use logrotate tool to get rid of "unwanted" logs. Other distros use other log file rotation tools that accomplish the same. However, many ship with default settings that are not optimized for log analysis and long term retention.

Upon deploying a Linux box one needs to look at /etc/logrotate.com file as well as /etc/logrotate.d/ directory to make sure that you are happy with retention settings (and you shouldn't be!)

One can safely increase the retention of most log files from a default of about 4 weeks (it differs by file type and distro) to at least 12 weeks (about 90 days, a common practice) or even more. While at it, one should also enable old log file compression since it is off by default (for whatever weird reason...) to save some disk space.

Note that if you are using a central log management system, this might not apply to you. But then again, in this case you are farther ahead of most system owners on the road to operational excellence.

Also, here is a link to my previous tip of the appropriate-time-interval (#1) :-)

Also, I am tagging all the tips on my del.icio.us feed. Here is the link: All Security Tips of the Day.


3 Comments

Gelma
2006-08-25 05:42:18
I suggest http://metalog.sourceforge.net/.


Ciao,
gelma

Roger Weeks
2006-08-25 13:25:47
There's a flipside to this, Anton: the need for service providers to minimize logging.


We're a small ISP. We don't have the manpower to deal with the FBI, NSA, local and state law-enforcement, all of whom can issue subpoenas to us for customer log records. If we keep 90 days of apache, exim, dovecot and squirrelmail logs, can you imagine the huge time-and-money sink that would cause our business every time we get a subpoena?


Clearly, we need to retain records for forensic purposes, but we also need to balance that with the business realities, and our desire to keep as little customer information as possible.

love :)
2007-01-27 14:08:32
dude you rock :D